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ViacomCBS inventory gross sales amid Archegos debacle elevate questions for banks 


Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs, two of the corporations on the heart of the Archegos Capital Administration unwinding, performed a wide range of roles earlier than, throughout and after the margin name.

That’s elevating questions on whether or not the corporations ought to have had a compliance perform to intervene of their doubtlessly conflicting roles in the identical inventory.

One of many key triggers that led to the unwinding of Archegos was a tepid market response for a multibillion-dollar ViacomCBS secondary providing final Wednesday.

Whereas sure bankers at Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs had been pitching that deal to traders, a few of their friends within the prime brokerage division had been rising more and more involved in regards to the danger profile of considered one of their shoppers, a household workplace known as Archegos, which had giant, leveraged publicity to ViacomCBS.

Following a 23% decline by ViacomCBS amid the secondary providing, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley and a slew of different banks throughout Wall Road, triggered a margin name on Archegos.

This prompted the 2 big funding banks to grab Archegos’ property, together with billions of {dollars}’ price of ViacomCBS inventory, and promote it off by way of closely discounted block trades. The transfer created vital stress on the B shares of ViacomCBS, which plummeted 27% on Friday and one other 7% the next Monday.

Nonetheless, the timing of the occasions is elevating questions over who on the corporations knew what and when, amid the demise of Archegos and the collateral harm in a number of shares, together with ViacomCBS.

Goldman Sachs spokesperson Maeve Duvally stated, “There are robust informational limitations between the components of the agency that handle capital elevating for company shoppers and {our relationships} with institutional traders.” Morgan Stanley declined to remark.

“There’s undoubtedly the potential for a battle,” stated Harvey Pitt, former chairman of the Securities and Alternate Fee. “The truth that if there have been enough leverage points raised that it might promote promoting and promoting stress and certainly drive the promoting stress, makes it very actual that the potential for a battle was at all times current.”

By March 22, ViacomCBS shares had surged 165% in 2021, closing above $100 per share. This marked an almost 800% rise from its 2020 trough, nearly precisely a yr prior.

The corporate sought to capitalize on its elevated share worth to promote $3 billion price of inventory into the market; the underwriters hawking the inventory included Morgan Stanley and JPMorgan as lead bookrunners, together with Citigroup, Goldman Sachs, Mizuho and others serving in a extra passive capability.

These banks confronted a tepid response from the market, pricing 20 million Class B shares at $85 every and one other 10 million convertible most popular shares at $100 every on March 24. The inventory declined on information of the position, and that transfer was one of many major catalysts that led to elevated requires collateral from Archegos, in response to sources near the matter.

The household workplace was extraordinarily leveraged to an extended place in ViacomCBS and subsequently, was open to stress from even slight declines within the inventory worth. 

Buyers who purchased ViacomCBS at $85 noticed these shares price $48, simply three days later. 

Because the lead bookrunner within the deal, Morgan Stanley offered extra shares than the opposite corporations concerned — about 4 million shares by way of the convertible most popular, and one other 9 million by way of the Class B widespread inventory providing. Goldman Sachs offered about 323,000 by way of the convertible most popular and one other 646,000 by way of the common-stock providing. 

Early on March 26, simply two days after the secondary, the Archegos-related block gross sales started. The primary batch was by way of Goldman Sachs, which supplied discounted shares in Baidu, Tencent Music and Vipshop, folks accustomed to the trades stated.

Then, the agency unloaded about $1.7 billion price of Viacom noon — 35 million shares, priced at $48 every, stated the folks, who requested to not be named. That represented a 44% low cost to the secondary sale simply two days prior.

In the meantime, Morgan Stanley was busy providing blocks of its personal that day, in names like Discovery, Shopify and Farfetch. The agency’s Viacom share sale — an identical dimension to Goldman’s — was offered two days later, on Sunday night. 

The banks — particularly, Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs — which had been capable of rapidly exit these positions that they subsumed from liquidating Archegos got here out of the occasion comparatively unscathed.

Those that had reportedly slower responses could possibly be going through billions of {dollars} in losses. A JPMorgan be aware estimated world losses for corporations uncovered to Archegos could possibly be a mixed $10 billion, with Nomura and Credit score Suisse going through the majority of the affect. 

Each Nomura and Credit score Suisse shares plummeted about 19% since they every introduced they’d face vital losses from the occasion. Shares of Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs are little modified over that very same time interval.

— With reporting from CNBC’s Daybreak Giel and Ritika Shah.



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